All You Need to Know About Loans

People need to borrow money to fund their new business, have a wedding, pay for expenses, buy a new car, and for many other purposes. You might also be one of those who want to take out a loan urgently. But before you commence, you should know everything about loans.

Types of Loans

First, it is imperative to know the types of loans so that you can decide on which one to apply for:

Personal Loans

Personal loans are best for those who want to borrow a small amount of money and are sure that they can pay it in a few months or years. There are so many banks offering personal loans. You can take a few hundred to thousands of dollars in a personal loan. You need to have proof of assets and income verification to qualify for this loan.

Home-Equity Loans

People who have houses can take a loan against the equity they have established up in them, which is that they can take a loan up to the amount that they actually own. If they have paid half of the mortgage, they can borrow half of the house’s value. In case the value of the home is increased by 50 percent, they can take a loan equivalent to that amount.

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Small Business Loans

Small Business Administration (SBA) and most banks offer small business loans. Usually, people take small business loans when they plan to expand an established business or want to set up a new business.

These loans are not granted until the business owner shows an entire formal business plan. The terms of the loans incorporate personal guarantees. A personal guarantee means that the business owner’s assets serve as collateral in case of default on repayment. Interest rates are primarily negotiable. The loans usually extend from a minimum of 5 years to a maximum of 25 years.

Elements of a Loan

There are some key terms that you will come across while taking any type of loan.

1.   Principal

It is the actual amount of money you borrow from a loan provider and are willing to pay back.

2.   Term

It is the particular time in which you have to pay the loan. There is a specific timeframe that is decided initially, and you have to pay all the money back in that time. There are different terms for different types of loans.

3.   Interest Rate

It is the amount of money a loan provider charges you for borrowing money. It is typically a percentage of the amount of money you borrow.

Applying for a Loan

Before you apply for borrowing money, you should keep in mind the following things:


The loan provider will ask you about your income. If you are self-employed, you will have to provide invoices or tax returns for the last few years. But if you are an employee, you might need to submit W-2 forms, pay stubs, and a salary letter from your employer.

Credit History and Credit Score

Good credit history indicates that a person can make repayments on time. The higher the credit score, the more the chances of getting approved for the loan. You will also have increased chances of getting favorable terms if you possess a good credit score.


You will be required to pledge valuable assets or collateral if you apply for a secured personal loan. In case you are borrowing money for vehicles or homes, the collateral will usually be relevant to the purpose of the loan. But still, such loans can be collateralized by investment accounts, cash accounts, collectibles (precious metals, coins, etc.), real estate, and other valuable assets.

If you default on your loan, the loan provider will have the right to recoup the remaining loan balance by repossessing the collateral.

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